Babies

According to the results of a new study, healthy newborns had shorter hospital stays during the coronavirus pandemic than those born before.

Researchers from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and Yale School of Medicine used data Epic Systems Corporation's Cosmos research platform to compare hospital stays of newborns before and after the pandemic was declared in early 2020.

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The platform specifically allows researchers to pull health records, which were voluntarily submitted to the program for analysis by health systems. The researchers used data from 35 health systems during the study.

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They defined a short hospital stay as two nights or less after vaginal birth, and three nights or less after a c-section. They inquired to see which of the babies considered in the study required rehospitalization within a week of discharge from the hospital.

They pulled data from March 1st, 2020, to August 31, 2020 (during the coronavirus pandemic), and from March 1st to August 31st in the years 2017, 2018, and 2019 (prior to the pandemic).

Various newborn reflexes
Via Pexels

In total, they evaluated 202,385 infants during both periods. Overall,

they found that short hospital stays were 51% more common during the pandemic. Specifically, the total number of infants with a short hospital stay rose from 28.5% pre-pandemic to 43% during the COVID era.

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There were more infants born via c-section that required a shorter hospital stay in the pandemic versus those born vaginally. There was an increase in 2-night stays for those born through a c-section, and a decrease in 4- and 5-night stays. Similarly, there was a rise in infants born vaginally who were discharged after 1 night and a decline in those with a 2-night stay.

The researchers also found that

re-hospitalizations were slightly less common during the pandemic. Infants required admission to a hospital within a week post-birth decline from 1.2% pre-pandemic to 1.1% during the coronavirus period.

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A Newborn Baby Being Placed On An Infant Scale
via Unsplash / Christian Bowen

This led the researchers to conclude that

there’s no connection between a shorter hospital stay and the need for rehospitalization. It’s possible for healthy infants to be safely discharged in a shorter time period, which will likely inform future newborn care practices.

“Shared decision making between families and clinicians, as was likely the case during COVID-19, resulted in safe earlier discharge with respect to infant hospitalization," Dr. Heather H. Burris, the study’s lead author and a neonatologist at the Division of Neonatology at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, explained of the results.

The full findings of the study were recently published in Pediatrics and can be viewed online.

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Sources: PR Newswire, Pediatrics,

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Alexandra is a freelance writer located in Montreal, Quebec. She enjoys being a plant mom, shopping as a sport, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer re-runs. For inquiries, please reach out to: alexandra.marie.sakellariou@gmail.com. Follow her on Instagram @alexandrasakellariou or Twitter @AlmostAlexandra.

Source : https://www.babygaga.com/hospital-stays-newborns-shorter-coronavirus-pandemic-/

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